effects of stress on health

Stress May Start Driving Cardiovascular and Metabolic Risk Early In Life: Evidence from the 1958 British Birth Cohort Study

Stress May Start Driving Cardiovascular and Metabolic Risk Early In Life: Evidence from the 1958 British Birth Cohort Study

Ashley Winning et al. from the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts report in the the Journal of the the American College of Cardiology that psychological stress in childhood, adulthood or persistent across a person’s life can contribute to high cardiovascular and metabolic risk. Many clinical and epidemiological studies have documented the […]

Stress May Contribute To Male Infertility by Affecting Sperm Concentration, Motility and Morphology

Stress May Contribute To Male Infertility by Affecting Sperm Concentration, Motility and Morphology

A recent study, published in the journal Fertility and Sterility, indicates that perceived stress and stressful life events, but not work-related stress, are associated with semen quality such as sperm concentration, motility and morphology. According to a recent review article in Nature Reviews Urology a close relationship seems to exist between the testes and the […]

The Power of Positive Stress and a Research Roadmap

The Power of Positive Stress and a Research Roadmap

Evolving Concepts Stress is everywhere. In evolutionary terms, given the range of stressful environmental challenges faced, the human race could not have evolved without developing successful physiological strategies to cope with and overcome potentially life-threatening challenges on a daily basis. The need for a robust response to an acute stress is well-established. Not only do […]

Psychosocial Stress and Chronic Viral Hepatitis

Psychosocial Stress and Chronic Viral Hepatitis

Overview Article Psychological stress is defined as a “state in which homeostasis is actually threatened or perceived to be so”, whereas homeostasis represents the complex and dynamic equilibrium between all systems functioning in a living organism [1, 2]. The above definition and context excludes psychiatric disorders that may impair the integrative capacities of the individual. […]

The Link Between Stress, Emotions and Cytokine-Related Diseases

The Link Between Stress, Emotions and Cytokine-Related Diseases

Overview Article Adaptation is one of the core characteristics of living organisms, wherever it refers to proximate adjustments at individual level to inner or outer events, or to ultimate evolutionary processes at species-level. Biology and medicine have for a long time considered the non-specific symptoms of sickness (i.e. drowsiness, hypophagia, curled-up posture, fever) as signs […]

Pro- and Anti-Inflammatory Effects of Stress in the Brain: Mechanisms and Implications

Pro- and Anti-Inflammatory Effects of Stress in the Brain: Mechanisms and Implications

Overview Article Some stress protocols show a pro-inflammatory response in the brain and other systems characterized by a complex release of several inflammatory mediators such as cytokines, transcription factors, prostanoids and free radicals. Such response might contribute to cell damage during several neuropsychiatric diseases related with stress (post-traumatic stress disorder, major depressive disorder, anxiety disorders, […]